Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or prefabricated for precast which is used for flooring, stairs and other custom structures such as benches, tables, etc. When speaking about terrazzo being a composite material this normally refers to the added chips of marble, quartz, granite, glass, or other suitable material. This material is poured with a cementitious binder, polymeric, or a combination of both. Metal strips are often used to denote changes in color, patterns, or material. Before the material sets, additional chips can be sprinkled on top. After it is cured, it is ground and polished, to create a smooth finished surface.
Marble is a natural stone used in many buildings. Lights reflect very nicely on marble floors and create a spacious illusion in smaller spaces. Generally, marble floors cost more to install and maintain than terrazzo. They also require regular polishing and maintenance to prevent them from losing their shine. Marble floors are susceptible to scratching and staining. Terrazzo floors are stain- and scratch-resistant and are finished to UL standards of slip resistance.
Granite flooring, on the other hand, is robust and durable. It is also one of the heaviest and most expensive types of flooring available. There are different hardnesses of granite and there can be a big difference in damage resistance between premium granite and commercial grade granite. Granite floors should be sealed to protect against moisture and may need to be resealed once or twice a year. Terrazzo is durable, low maintenance and provides elegance to any space, and at a fraction of the cost of marble or granite.
In any commercial or residential space, the floor plays an important role in its overall appearance. Terrazzo’s durability, design variety, cost, and low-maintenance are a few of the factors that make it an ideal choice for flooring.